An Easy Guide to Learn the BJJ Full Guard (With Videos)

Full Guard In Brazilian Jiu Jitsu

The full guard (closed guard) is one of the most basic and challenging jiu-jitsu guards. Nevertheless, it is an excellent guard, especially for beginners, where they will learn a plethora of BJJ concepts, tactics, and so on. But why should you learn to play full guard?

Every BJJ practitioner should learn the full guard because it is a fertile and efficient position in jiu-jitsu gi and no-gi. As a result, it will encourage you to improve your game by incorporating various submission techniques, sweeps, and explosive moves.

This guide will help you understand the full guard position whether you are a beginner or an advanced Brazilian jiu-jitsu practitioner. You’ll also learn some savage full guard submissions, sweeps, and other techniques to help you improve your jiu-jitsu. Stay tuned!


Jiu-Jitsu Full Guard Position

closed guard

What is the full guard in BJJ? The full or closed guard, or called full guard, is one of the foremost fundamental positions in Brazilian jiu-jitsu. The bottom player uses both legs wrapped around their opponent in this guard variation.

What makes a closed guard so effective? The closed guard is a good position for the person on rock bottom because they could use their arms and legs to wrap their opponent, attack, and move to the hybrid guard or other transition. However, the person on the top at the full guard position has few choices unless he could break it. 

In MMA, the closed guard remains helpful with bottom attacks and sweeps, but it is not ideal from a judging and striking aspect. Furthermore, it could be beneficial in self-defense against an untrained adversary, but it could be dangerous against a trained opponent.

Full Guard Fundamentals

full guard bjj

As a beginner student in Brazilian jiu-jitsu, you will learn the closed guard at an early stage of your BJJ martial arts learning. First, however, it is helpful to master the basics of the full guard, where you find tons of sweeps and attacks. So, what are the full guard’s Fundamentals concepts and basics?

First, you should secure the full guard position. More likely, a practitioner goes for the closed guard for defensive purposes because it is a dominant position that strictly controls his opponent. Therefore, you need to maintain this position for a while by keeping your opponent controlled and preventing him from passing your guard.

Although the full guard position could not resist for a long time, this means that after a while, you have to attack your opponent, sweep him, or switch to another dominant position.

Build an Effective Closed Guard Game

Full Guard In Brazilian Jiu JitsuAn excellent closed guard exposes many attacking opportunities to submit your opponent. Thus, you’re controlling your opponent in a relatively secure position. Furthermore, it makes things possible for you like an entire series of submission attempts and sweeps.

How can I build an effective closed guard game? Starting by breaking the opponent’s posture must be your first purpose when playing the close guard. This can happen using the proper grip. Then make a transition to your timely submissions or position. But make to prevent your opponent from controlling your hips to facilitate your movements. 

The jiu-jitsu posture is superbly essential because it will show how vulnerable you are to submissions and sweeps. Therefore, you should maintain a good posture, and that is possible by keeping your head and neck upright and your back straight. Thus, it will be far more difficult for your opponent to get an easy sweep or submission.

How to improve your jiu-jitsu closed guard? Mastering full guard (closed guard) basic concepts such as the legs, hips, hands, grip positioning will help upgrade your guard to an advanced level. 

Make a glance at this instructional video where John Danaher explains the closed guard basics and how to apply them correctly.

Source: Bernardo Faria BJJ Fanatics

Submissions from the Full Guard

pendulum sweep jiu jitsu

There are many effective submissions from the closed guard in BJJ martial arts that you can do when you put your feet on the mats. Besides, many World Champions like Roger Gracie have well-used a great closed guard submission chain to defeat advanced opponents.

If you’re wondering what kind of submissions you can do from the full guard? Many of the most compelling submissions from this position include lapel chokes, triangle chokes, guillotine, Kimura, armbar, and many others.

  • Cross Choke from Full Guard

Cross choke is one of the primary submissions you will learn in Brazilian jiu-jitsu. It is among the most effective and sneaky chokes you can perform from the closed guard with several entries. In addition, this excellent choke might open your game to several other submissions, sweeps, and transitions.

Check out the following instructional video; if you’re wondering how to cross choke from the closed guard?

Source: Bernardo Faria BJJ Fanatics

To discover more about the cross choke in Brazilian jiu-jitsu, click here.

  • Kimura from Full Guard

bjj kimura from side control

The Kimura could also be one of the foremost popular BJJ submissions. It’s an effective attack from the closed guard.

Nevertheless, I wonder why the closed guard Kimura is such an efficient attack in jiu-jitsu? Well, it’s an excellent method of control, and if you learn its basics, you’ll apply them from numerous positions to submit or sweep any opponent.

How to kimura lock from the closed guard? Start by forcing your opponent to put his arm on the mat and then control his wrist using the kimura grip, which is almost unstoppable if you do it properly.

Learn more details about the kimura trap system in the video below by Chewjitsu

Source: Chewjitsu

  • Guillotine from Full Guard

The guillotine is another excellent option from the closed guard in jiu-jitsu and MMA. Otherwise, it’s a cool submission that will come naturally to the beginner due to the human instinct to wrap the neck during a headlock. As a result, learning the guillotine submission in most cases will be smooth without significant difficulties.

In this instructional video, discover how to make guillotine choke tighter in Brazilian jiu-jitsu?

Source: Stephan Kesting

To discover more about the guillotine choke in Brazilian jiu-jitsu, click here.

  • Armbar from Full Guard

The closed guard armbar is one of the simplest and highest percentage submissions in BJJ GI and No-Gi. It has long been one of the most direct submissions in competition and MMA. Therefore, many fighters have used the armbar from the full guard to finish several fights.

Learn more details about doing an armbar from the full guard?

Source: BJJ Fanatics

To discover more about the armbar submission in Brazilian jiu-jitsu, click here.

  • Triangle Choke from Full Guard

The closed guard triangle choke is another incredible submission in Brazilian jiu-jitsu. Like the armbar, the triangle has been utilized at the very best levels of competition.

Throughout the video below, you’ll get a straightforward procedure on how to set up a closed triangle choke?

Source: The Grappling Academy

Here is an amazing guide on mastering the triangle choke submission, click here.

  • Full Guard Americana

Americana Brazilian jiu-jitsu is a sneaky but not a high percentage BJJ submission.   Jiu-Jitsu Practitioner can get the Americana from several positions, including the side control, closed guard, etc. However, the closed guard Americana may be far more effective than the one from side control.

Awesome! So, how to perform the Americana from the full guard?

Source: The Grappling Academy

  • Ezekiel Choke from Full Guard

The Ezekiel choke is one of the basic chokes learned in Brazilian jiu-jitsu. It’s an effective BJJ submission that can often be applied from various positions, including full guard, side control, mount, half guard, …

Here’s how to execute Ezekiel choke from the closed guard?


Here is an amazing guide on mastering the Ezekiel choke submission, click here.

BJJ Full Guard Sweeps

how to do a scissor sweep bjj

The BJJ sweeps are among the basic techniques in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu to reverse the game. Besides, people enjoy doing it in most cases because it could be your move to escape a nasty position.

A sweep could be considered an attack from a rock bottom guard, and it gives you two points in an official match. Otherwise, the sweep from full guard is a plethora of movements that allow the rock bottom player to use momentum and leverage to flip to the top.

If you’re a beginner practitioner, you ought to learn a plethora of closed guard sweeps, including flower sweep, pendulum sweep, scissor sweep, hip bump sweep, and more.

  • Lumberjack Sweep from Full Guard

The closed guard lumberjack sweep is one of the classic sweep techniques in jiu-jitsu. When playing the full guard position, a wise fighter will go for the lumberjack sweep, and the opponent trays to stand up. 

Throughout the video below, you’ll get a deep detail on how to set up a lumberjack sweep from the full guard?

Source: Absolute MMA St Kilda – Melbourne

  • Hip Bump Sweep from Guard

The hip bump sweep is among the foremost basic sweeps from guard in Brazilian jiu-jitsu that any white belt should master. It involves trapping one of your opponent’s arms and using momentum, exploding alongside your hips to overbalance your opponent. 

In the video below, you’ll learn how to do a closed guard hip bump sweep?

Source: Absolute MMA St Kilda – Melbourne

  • Closed Guard Scissor Sweep

The scissor sweep is among the very first closed guard sweeps you’ll learn as a white belt in BJJ. It works perfectly from full guard to reverse tough opponents, even heavy people. So here’s how to scissor sweep from the closed guard?

Source: Chewjitsu

  • Pendulum Sweep from Closed Guard

The pendulum sweep is one of the best close guard sweeps that utilizes heavy hip rotation. So here’s how to do the full guard pendulum sweep?

Source: Chewjitsu

  • Closed Guard Flower Sweep

The flower sweep is also one of the top closed guard sweeps in BJJ. So here’s how to flower sweep from full guard?

Source: Chewjitsu

Opening Closed Guard BJJ

bjj half guard

As mentioned in this article, the closed guard is among the complex guards in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. Therefore, several practitioners (even advanced practitioners) find some difficulties opening the closed guard.

If you’re wondering how to open the full guard? ere’s an excellent video tutorial by Andre Galvao.

Source: Atos Jiu-Jitsu HQ | World’s Best BJJ Academy – Home Page

Jiu-Jitsu Closed Guard Pass

There are several effective closed guard pass techniques like stack pass, pressure pass, and standing pass.

  • Closed guard stack pass

Source: Stephan Kesting

  • Full guard pressure pass

Source: Atos Jiu-Jitsu HQ | World’s Best BJJ Academy – Home Page

  • Standing closed guard pass

Source: Absolute MMA St Kilda – Melbourne


The full guard has long been one of the most straightforward guards in Brazilian jiu-jitsu competitions, MMA, and self-defense. Fighters have used this excellent guard to submit and sweep several tough opponents, even bigger ones. 

Otherwise, a closed guard player should be very dynamic to size the numerous options at hand, including great combinations of attacks. Moreover, it’s an excellent position where you are relatively safe, an excellent place to conserve your energy.

Speak your mind; what is your favorite submission from the full guard? 

If you’re wondering about the best jiu-jitsu rashguards, here is an amazing guide that will help you so far, click here.