Everything You Need to Know About Brazilian Jiu Jitsu

everything you need to know about brazilian jiu jitsu

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is one of the most valuable and thriving martial arts for self-defense, street fighting, and physical health. It is an efficient ground combat method focusing on grappling techniques, including takedowns, joint locks, and many other submissions.

Learning the art of Brazilian jiu-jitsu can help you defend yourself efficiently. Besides, it is an excellent way to relieve stress, enhance fitness, and receive a full-body workout.

This post will discuss many fascinating facts about the art of Brazilian jiu-jitsu, where small practitioners overcome a more prominent opponent. Stay tuned!

What Is Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ)?

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is a famous martial art, combat sport, and self-defense practice emphasizing grappling fighting.

It is a good workout that doesn’t allow striking and teaches numerous life-changing lessons, including discipline, consistency, and combat methods, to name a few examples.

Furthermore, BJJ training leads to many notions for protecting yourself in a fight, including distance control and the proper use of submissions to beat a powerful opponent.

So, BJJ is a fantastic martial art to study since it offers good grappling techniques and helps you change your conduct and character to become a better person.

According to Master Carlos Gracie:

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu defines the natural defense of a weak person against a strong one.

It’s a leveling process through which brute force is confronted and dominated by the wise application of rational mechanics.

It is led to admitting that the person usually taken as a body endowed with a soul should be deemed a soul that happens to reside during a body“.

Source: The Chewjitsu Podcast

History of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

Source: MMA Leech

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu was developed from Japanese jiu-jitsu (also known as traditional Jiu Jitsu or Ju-Jutsu) by Master Mitsuyo Maeda, Carlos & Helio Gracie, and other members of the Gracie family.

In truth, BJJ evolved from the fundamentals of Kodokan judo ground combat (Newaza) taught to Carlos Gracie and his brothers by coach Mitsuyo Maeda.

The Gracies then passed their knowledge to their extended family, acquaintances, and pupils, who passed it on to others to develop the modern Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.

Brazil’s finest fighters, Luiz Franca and Mario Sperry, also helped the Gracies build the actual BJJ art sport.

  • Master Mitsuyo Maeda’s Role in the History of BJJ

Master Mitsuyo Maeda moved from Japan to Brazil in the last days of the 19th century. And he inaugurated the beginning of the Brazilian jiu-jitsu martial art, which was in 1915.

After a while in Brazil, Mitsuyo Maeda meets the Gracie family, formed by Gastao Gracie’s father and eight children. Besides, at that time, Gracies were known for their martial arts learning orientation.

  • Carlos & George & Helio Gracie’s Role in BJJ Developing

At a young age, Carlos, George, and Hélio set out to learn the Kano Jiu-Jitsu (Style of Judo) immediately following the meeting with master Mitsuyo Maeda and the Gracie family.

Also, they learned catch wrestling under the renowned Orlando Americo “Dudú” da Silva.

In the following years, the Gracies brothers began to build the fundamentals of Brazilian jiu-jitsu together.

Therefore, they started investing in building notable martial academies; for example, Carlos relocated and established the first jujitsu school in Rio de Janeiro when he was nineteen.

Then the brothers had been training and honing their ground fighting skills for a while.

And they’d discovered that jiu-jitsu is an extraordinarily effective and efficient martial art that can be used to defeat opponents who are physically stronger than they are.

The promotion of BJJ martial art begins with the famous quote;

a smaller, weaker BJJ practitioner can successfully defeat a much bigger, stronger opponent by using leverage and proper techniques.”  

  • Jiu-Jitsu Promoting and Developing by the Gracies

The Gracies started to challenge other martial artists to prove the efficiency of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu and promote this unique martial art.

Hélio Gracie vs. Masahiko Kimura is one of the most renowned fights to demonstrate the efficacy of Brazilian jiu-jitsu. Masahiko Kimura was a highly skilled Japanese Judoka and professional wrestler.

The Hélio Gracie / Masahiko Kimura fight took place at the Maracanã Stadium in front of 20,000 spectators in 1951.

There was a great deal of energy and movement from both combatants.

And after the battle, Masahiko arrived to break Helio’s arm with a reverse Ude-Garami lock referred to as the kimura lock in BJJ.

In the late 1970s, Rorion Gracie (Hélio’s son) immigrated to the United States to promote Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, giving this martial art a new appearance.

This action forever changed how individuals viewed combat fighting arts.

However, it was difficult for Rorion to demonstrate the efficacy of BJJ without competing against other renowned martial artists, such as wrestlers.

Aside from that, these fight challenges were responsible for creating the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) tournament in 1993.

Since then, Brazilian jiu-jitsu has played a significant role in mixed martial arts competitions and has become one of the most effective martial arts for self-defense, weight loss, and physical health.

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Fighting Style

gi or no gi jiu jitsu which is better

As a practitioner, you’ll notice that BJJ is a hybrid of several martial arts, including Judo and wrestling.

A jiu-jitsu fighter begins the fight, standing to bring his opponent to the ground using proper takedowns.

Meanwhile, he uses firmer grips to control his opponent and forces him to submit or score more points by positioning him in specific positions.

Briefly, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is a grappling martial art that emphasizes ground combat.

It teaches the use of the proper grappling techniques to overcome even bigger opponents. Otherwise, it has two distinct fighting styles: Jiu-Jitsu Gi and No-Gi.

  • Jiu-Jitsu Gi Training

how to do a loop choke
Gi Jiu Jitsu Training

Brazilian jiu-jitsu gi training is done while the practitioner wears a gi uniform. Otherwise, this BJJ fighting style is primarily used for competitions and street fighting. Here are some features of BJJ gi training:

  1. Clothes: Gi competitions necessitate using a traditional gi with a belt.
  2. Holds and Grips: In a gi fight, you’re allowed to grab your opponent’s gi, giving you access to choke submissions, including lapel and collar choke.
  3. Game Speed: The gi fighting style limits the speed of both players due to the numerous grips that both fighters can use. In addition, the gi uniform has a significant impact on game speed. As a result, submissions are more common in a gi than in no-gi matches.
  4. Fighting philosophy: A successful BJJ gi fighting philosophy necessitates good gi grips during the fight to perform takedowns or control the opponent while on the ground and standing. Otherwise, gi jiu-jitsu practitioners value grip setting/breaking, less strength, and choke techniques because there are many effective ways to tap out an opponent.
  • Jiu-Jitsu No-Gi Training

how to do the baseball bat choke in bjj gi and no gi
No-Gi Jiu Jitsu Training

Brazilian jiu-jitsu no-gi training is done while the practitioner is dressed in a rashguard and shorts. Otherwise, it is famous for MMA and calorie burning. Here are some features of BJJ gi training:

  1. Clothes: Rash guards, shorts, and occasionally spats are required for no-gi tournaments.
  2. Holds and Grips: In a no-gi fight, you cannot grab your opponent’s clothes or use any parts of his rashguard or shorts.
  3. Game Speed: The no-gi fighting style is a highly intense and fast workout because the no-gi clothes allow players to move at full speed and explosiveness. As a result, submissions are rare and difficult to obtain in no-gi matches.
  4. Fighting philosophy: A successful no-gi grappling fighting philosophy necessitates understanding and applying several principles and techniques. First, no-gi players should be more dynamic, explosive, and quickly transition to attacks (joint locks, sweeps, etc.). They also emphasize strength, balance, high body positional work, and empty-handed groundwork to achieve dominant positions and submissions.

Related Article: Click here to learn about the differences between Gi and No-Gi Jiu Jitsu.


Basic Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Positions

Keenan Cornelius Achieving a Back Take Position

Brazilian jiu-jitsu positions are crucial in developing your game to the next level.

A wise fighter should establish a dominant position that will give access to submissions, sweeps, or other attacks.

Otherwise, the grappler controls the opponent and limits his moves when arriving at a dominant position.

Here is a list of the primary positions in BJJ grappling that you should consider:

  • Back Take Position

The back take, also known as “back mount” or “back control,” is the dominant position in grappling martial arts.

It occurs when a player uses proper grips and hooks to control his opponent’s back.

The back mount can be obtained from various positions, including the turtle, Dela Riva guard, etc.

Furthermore, it provides a plethora of vicious submissions and transitions, such as chokes (triangle, RNC, bow-and-arrow, etc.), arm-locks, and other attacks.


Related Article: Click here to learn about the BJJ back control position.


  • Full Mount Position

The full mount position is one of the most basic positions in the sport of Brazilian jiu-jitsu.

Besides, most competitors think the mount is the second dominant position behind the back control.

The mount position can be reached from other positions, including the side control, knee-on-belly, etc.

Otherwise, It offers an extended list of submissions and transitions, including chokes, armbar, triangle, Americana lock, and kimura lock, to name a few.

Aside from that, the mount position competitors can try various mounting options such as high mount, S-mount, or low mount.


Related Article: Click here to learn about the BJJ mount control position.


  • Closed Guard Position

The closed guard (also known as the “full guard“) is one of BJJ’s most basic guard positions. It can be by wrapping your legs around your opponent’s waist.

The bottom closed guard player can get a lot of submissions (kimura lock, armbar, triangle, etc.) and sweeps (scissor sweep, kimura sweep, and more).

However, the guy at the top has few options; he should correct his posture and try to break the closed guard to gain a better position, such as the side control.

Therefore, practitioners should understand this critical and complicated position during their training journey.

  • Half Guard Position

The half guard is one of the fundamental Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu positions used by many fighters, including Lucas Leite, in gi and no gi competitions.

It occurs when a bottom player inserts one leg between the top opponent’s legs. 

Furthermore, the half guard allows for various submissions or transitions, such as the kimura lock, triangle choke, loop choke, back control, deep half guard, etc.

However, to avoid being smashed, you must install appropriate frames (knee shield, hand control) once you reach this position.


Related Article: Click here to learn about the BJJ half guard position.


  • BJJ Butterfly Guard

The butterfly guard is a kind of open guard, one of the most challenging positions to master.

In this guard type, the player is on his buttocks and sitting upright, facing the opponent while hooking the opponent’s legs using BJJ butterfly hooks.

Many competitors, including Marcelo Gracia, used the butterfly guard extensively in tournaments, especially no-gi.

This is because the butterfly position is the starting point for many submission techniques, such as the guillotine, leg locks, kneebars, triangles, armbars, etc.


Related Article: Click here to learn about the butterfly guard position in jiu-jitsu.


Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Belts

bjj belts
BJJ belts

Brazilian jiu-jitsu has an incredible belt ranking system, with eight adult belt levels and five belt levels for children and adolescents.

 Adult Belt Levels

(practitioners over 16 years old)

Youth Belt Levels

(practitioners under 16 years old)

  • White belt
  • Gray belt
  • Yellow belt
  • Orange belt
  • Green belt

Aside from that, adult and youth students earn belts and stripes for various reasons, including time, knowledge, behavior, and competition performance.

Youth Belts in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

Children’s Jiu Jitsu between 4 and 15 can receive belt colors that reward progress after a white belt before earning a blue belt, which may only be awarded to people 16 years or older.

The International Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Federation specified 13 belts for competitors aged 4 through 15. 

White, Gray-White, Gray, Gray-Black, Yellow-White, Yellow, Yellow-Black, Orange-White, Orange, Orange-Black, Green-White, Green, Green-Black

  • White Belt

The white belt defines a new student who has just begun training in this martial arts discipline.

Furthermore, a white belt stays at this level for at least two years, depending on his training progress and other requirements to get promoted to the blue belt.

  • Blue Belt

The blue belt has developed more knowledge about Brazilian jiu-jitsu techniques and submissions.

Otherwise, a blue belt stays in this jiu-jitsu level between 2 and 3 years before moving to the purple belt. 

  • Purple Belt

The purple belt attests to a fighter who passes a minimum of four to 5 years of jiu-jitsu practice and study.

So, he is very savage while playing some advanced positions. Otherwise, a purple belt stays in this BJJ level between 2 and 3 years.

  • Brown Belt

The brown belt is the next belt promotion for a purple belt. It defines a student with a minimum of six years of jiu-jitsu practice and study.

Aside from that, a brown belt stays in this Brazilian jiu-jitsu level between 1 and 2 years.

  • Black Belt

The black belt is one of the highest and most advanced ranks in Brazilian jiu-jitsu, with eleven levels and ten degrees.

As a result, advanced fighters are graded from a regular black belt (no degree) to a 10th-degree black belt which takes many years of BJJ practice.

However, following the sixth-degree black belt, we commonly discuss coral belts (7th and 8th-degree black belts) and red belts (9th and 10th-degree black belts).


Related Article: Click here to learn about Brazilian jiu-jitsu black belt degrees.


Submissions in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

which is better brazilian jiu-jitsu or japanese jiu-jitsu
Bow and Arrow Choke

To become a tough Brazilian Jiu Jitsu fighter, you must have many submissions at your disposal to overcome your opponents.

Wristlocks, kimura locks, armbars, triangles, and collar chokes are among the top attacks you can learn in BJJ.

The video below teaches you the top ten BJJ submissions you should know from your first days on the mat. Therefore, it includes the following submissions:

  1. Armbar Submission
  2. Americana
  3. Kimura Lock
  4. Triangle Choke
  5. D’Arce Choke
  6. Bow and Arrow Choke
  7. Rear Naked Choke
  8. Arm Triangle Choke
  9. Straight Ankle Lock
  10. Cross choke (or X Choke)

Source: Jedi Does Jiujitsu


Related Article: List of the Most Effective BJJ Submissions.


Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Benefits

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is a grappling discipline that offers numerous advantages, including:

  • Increasing your fitness activity.
  • Improving your problem-solving ability.
  • It’s good for your body and mind.
  • It can be beneficial in self-defense and street-fighting situations. 
  • Social benefits of working within an outsized group. 
  • Etc

Related Article: This article talks about the Brazilian jiu-jitsu benefits in detail.


Conclusion

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, also known as BJJ, is one of the most impressive martial arts to learn. It is a fantastic grappling discipline that focuses on ground fighting.

As a jiu-jitsu practitioner, you will learn to control an opponent by employing various techniques to force him to tap out.

So, it is an effective combat sport for self-defense and a great workout for fitness, weight loss, and other advantages.

References