Over Under Pass: Helpful Guide to Master This BJJ Move

Guard passing is a fundamental Jiu-Jitsu skill that every learner should learn and perfect. However, it is one of the most challenging parts of BJJ Grappling, particularly for beginners. To excel in sparring and competitions, you should be well-versed in various jiu-jitsu guard passing methods, such as the over under pass.

The over under is one of the best jiu-jitsu guard passing techniques accessible to devoted martial artists. It’s an effective pressure guard pass requiring you to insert one arm over your opponent’s legs and the other arm beneath his legs. Then, shift to one side to complete the guard pass maneuver.

The over underhook passing technique has several diverse versions that are equally effective. However, it is vital to understand how to carry it out appropriately. This tutorial will teach you how to perform this guard pass and highlight some heinous mistakes to avoid.

How to Do the Over Under Pass In Jiu-Jitsu?

over under pass bjj

The over-under guard pass is a basic BJJ pressure pass. It disables the opponent’s hip by driving one of your arms over one of his legs and the other arm under his other leg.

Then you spike your shoulder into your opponent’s stomach, pinning his lower body to the floor. Now, you’re putting a significant weight pressure on your opponent, making it difficult to move or escape the position.

Lachlan Giles, first-degree black belt, demonstrates the BJJ over under pass below.

Source: Absolute MMA St Kilda – Melbourne

How to Do Over Under Pass from Butterfly Guard?

Source: Universal Jiu-Jitsu

The top of the butterfly guard is probably the easiest way to enter the over under pass. Here is how:

  1. Sit in front of your partner and then form an angle of your partner’s side, with one of their legs between your feet. Assume it’s their right foot that’s caught between your legs. 
  2. Next, grasp the bottom of your partner’s right pant leg with your left hand. The essential aspect here is to vary your elevation once you have a firm grip. This means reaching down with your back straight but your hips lowered, rather than reaching down with your back straight but your hips lowered.
  3. Dive with your right arm underneath your opponent’s left thigh while straightening your left arm to keep his right leg under control. 
  4. Make a grip with your right hand on their hip (lapel or belt is most likely), and keep your base low while you flatten your partner. 
  5. Finally, finish the over-under pass, and before moving to side control, use your left leg to scrape your right leg thoroughly out of the way.

Over Under Pass No Gi By Bernardo Faria

Bernardo Faria demonstrates the over under pass in no-gi jiu-jitsu step by step in the video below.

Source: Bernardo Faria BJJ Fanatics

Over-Under Guard Passing Technique Evolution

Fabio Gurgel, 6th-degree black belt, talks below about the evolution of the over under pass in Brazilian jiu-jitsu. It was developed as a natural combination of the stack pass and the toreando pass, and how it has evolved to adapt to new means of opposing this position.

How to Counter an Over Under Pass In BJJ?

The following video demonstrates two amazing counters of the jiu-jitsu over-under guard passing techniques.

Source: Marcos Tinoco Bjj


The over under pass BJJ technique is effectively helpful to go beyond your opponent’s guard, especially from the butterfly guard and half guard. It’s a basic guard pass that may be used at any level of jiu-jitsu.