Jiu Jitsu guard all what you need to know

Jiu Jitsu guard all what you need to know

The jiu jitsu guard is a BJJ position with tons of various types. And this depends on the points of control (grips) that you install. For example, there are the Brazilian ju jitsu closed guard, open guard, spider guard, half guard, butterfly guard just to name a few. Furthermore, some jiu-jitsu guard positions are perfect when your opponent standing and other guards are effective when he or she is kneeling. Otherwise, some jiujitsu guard attacks are savage with the BJJ gi and others without the gi. 

It’s important to recognize that some jiu-jitsu guards positions are ideal for BJJ grappling submissions but can be dangerous to play at mixed martial art (MMA) tournaments.And others maybe can serve as a defense or escape from some dominant positions.

Indeed, there are limitless ways to plat the same guard depending on the physiology of the jui jitsu practitioner. 

In this Brazilian ju jitsu article, you will learn a ton of things about the BJJ guards sweeps techniques, attacks, drills, guard passing, etc.

Jiu Jitsu guard types

bjj guard

The guard has much importance in Brazilian jiu jitsu. Therefore, a tough BJJ and grappling fighter is known by his or her sophisticated BJJ guard.

Otherwise, the more you have a savage guard the more you develop your jiu-jitsu because it’s the blueprint for many sweeps, control, and attacks.

Furthermore, a wise BJJ student will try several guards until he or she finds the best unbeatable guard that works well for him or her. 


Let’s discover a list of some Basics types of BJJ guards like the open guard and more.


source: Knight Jiu-Jitsu

  • Full Guard BJJ 

The full guard or the closed guard is one among the essential jiu-jitsu guards taught to beginners. This is often a really important and tiny complicated position every new Brazilian jiu-jitsu practitioner should learn and affect from the start BJJ practice.  

How you can play the full guard?

First, you need to drive your BJJ opponent in a position where your legs are closed around the opponent’s waist (hips). Then you must set other points of control like gripping the sleeve, collar grip, or controlling the head, etc.

Otherwise, when playing the jiujitsu closed guard you prevent your opponent form sweeps or submissions. But on the other hand, you have a high submission percentage.

  • High Guard in Brazilian jui jitsu
jiu jitsu guard

The jiujitsu high guard or named also the climbing guard is a variation of the full guard that demands a little flexibility. Otherwise, you need to have more experience training Brazilian jiu-jitsu to play this type of BJJ guards.

What’s the high guard in Brazilian ju jitsu? 

The high guard may be a kind of the closed guard where your legs are placed near the BJJ opponent shoulders. As a result, you put your opponent in a dangerous jiu-jitsu position where you can attack him by an armbar or triangle easily.

Otherwise, the high guard may represent a real entry or transition to the jiu jitsu rubber guard.

  • Rubber Guard
jiu-jitsu guard

The rubber guard (created by Eddie Bravo) is one of the tough Brazilian jiu-jitsu guards that demands more flexibility.  And, you can achieve it from the full or the high guard. 

What’s the rubber guard in Brazilian jiujitsu? 

The rubber guard may be a kind of high guard where you need to use your feet in a very high position to control your opponent’s neck and keeping his head down.

As a result, you arrive to control your opponent perfectly with a bad BJJ posture.  
  • Half Guard jiu jitsu

Nowadays, the half guard is one of the favored sweeping positions for many world Brazilian jiu-jitsu fighters and grappling submission.

The half guard is one of the essential BJJ guards in both gi and no-gi grappling. 

The half guard is a very common jui jitsu position where one of your legs is trapped between your opponent’s legs.

Furthermore, the BJJ half guard may be a transition position to the jiujitsu half-butterfly guard, deep half guard, Z guard, X guard, back control, full guard retention, and more.


source: The Jits Guy – Middle East’s Premier Jiu Jitsu Podcast (BJJ)

  • Open Guard BJJ

What’s the open guard?

The open guard is a position in jiu-jitsu where a practitioner’s legs aren’t closed around his or her opponent’s waist. Therefore, the BJJ student may transit to the open guard from a weak full guard or half guard due to the opposition movement. 

On the other hand, there are a plethora of transitional positions, sweeps, and submissions from the jiu-jitsu open guard.

For example, you can transit to the spider guard BJJ, butterfly guard, dela Riva guard, reverse de la Riva guard, and more.
  • BJJ Butterfly Guard

The butterfly guard is a dynamic BJJ position with many sweeps options. It can be played in both gi and no-gi grappling.

To play this type of jiu-jitsu guard you need to be familiar with the sitting position and active on the off-balance.

Some BJJ fighters use the butterfly guard as an entry to leg lock submission, and others use it as a transition to the X guard, single leg X guard, or even the half guard jiujitsu.  
  • Spider guard in Brazilian jiu-jitsu

What’s the spider guard?

The spider guard is one of the tough BJJ guard positions. It can be used to maintain good control of the distance within your standing or kneeling opponent.

Indeed, the jiu-jitsu spider guard aims to put the opponent in an off-balance position preparing a good environment for several sweeps and submissions (BJJ triangle chokes, armbar, and omoplata).

Also, the spider could be a transition for other BJJ guards like the dela Riva guard.

Furthermore, The jiu-jitsu spider guard is a sort of open Guards with a dynamic game, where a BJJ student grips the opponent’s wrists or sleeves and has a minimum of one foot controlling his arms.

Typically the only of your foot goes to be placed against his biceps, or your leg will spiral around his elbow alongside your toes hiding underneath his upper arm.
  • BJJ De La Riva Guard
jiujitsu guard

The De La Riva (DLR) is one of the tough Brazilian jiu jitsu guard positions created by Ricardo de la Riva.

It’s tough BJJ control popular within several jiu-jitsu practitioners within the BJJ Gi and nogi grappling. Otherwise, The de la riva guard allows you to attack with a very large arsenal, including sweeps, berimbolo, back takes, chokes, arm locks, and leglocks.

  • Inverted guard in ju jitsu

What’s the inverted guard?

The inverted guard game may be a very fashionable one within the world of recent Brazilian jiu-jitsu and grappling.

The tornado guard BJJ is one of the types of inverted guards that gives you all the advantages of the inverted guard with none of the strain.

Furthermore, “Cyborg”, or Roberto Abreau has proven over and once again that the tornado guard works at the very best levels. He used his invention to beat the who’s who of BJJ in both Gi and No-Gi. Discover more about the inverted guard in these BJJ media.


source: WorldMartialArts 

  • X guard BJJ

The X guard is one of the complex guards in BJJ martial art. The X guard may be a niche of though control, submissions, and sweeps. Otherwise, many Brazilian jiu-jitsu black belt world champions have used the x guard BJJ to win titles over the years.

The X guard gives you almost an unbreakable control over your jiu-jitsu opponent. Thus, many traditional guard passing techniques don’t work well against this super-tough type of jiu-jitsu guard. Therefore, you gain more leverage to sweep or submit your opponent. Check out this BJJ instructional video for more detail about the xgaurd b Stephan Kesting.

source: Stephan Kesting

Jiu-Jitsu guard pass techniques

jiujitsu guard

On becoming a good jiu jitsu passing guard fighters, you need first to learn the BJJ guard pass concepts. Otherwise, passing any type of BJJ guards demands specific moves and techniques. 

the principles behind guard passing.

source: BJJ Mental Models

Let’s discover a list of jiu jitsu guard passing techniques.

  • Toreando guard pass technique

The tornado “bullfighter” BJJ guard pass technique may be a basic staple of the Brazilian jiu-jitsu system. 

Discover more detail about the jiu jitsu toreando pass technique in this video. 


source: Bernardo Faria BJJ 

  • Knee cut guard pass.

The knee cut (knee slide) may be a great BJJ technique move to pass someone guard. You can use the knee cut guard pass technique when your opponent plays a sort of open guard.

Therefore, you find the space and distance to slide your knee on one of your opponent’s legs within hips and shoulder control.

  • Over under guard passing 

The over-under is an efficient guard pass technique used in both jiu-jitsu gi and no-gi grappling training. You can apply the over-under BJJ when your opponent plays a sort of open or half guard.

Therefore, you are getting one among your arms over your BJJ opponent legs and your other arm under his legs. And once controlling your opponent’s leg you chose one side to pass his guard.

Then you shift your hips and weight therein direction and here is that the jiujitsu guard pass completed.
  • Single under BJJ guard passing technique.

The single underhook guard pass is one among the foremost simple but devastating basics techniques of Brazilian ju jitsu guard passing. Otherwise, the single under BJJ is a tightness pass technique whit maximum pressure on the jiu-jitsu opponent.  

How to do a single under BJJ pass? 

You can entre to the jiu-jitsu single under from an open guard position (spider guard, butterfly guard, etc.).

And, there you need to close the distance within your opponent, gripping using under one of his legs, and shifting your weight pressure on him using your shoulder.

  • Double under guard passing technique.

The double under technique is one of the only Basics of jiu jitsu guard passing. And, it’s employed frequently in both gi and no gi competition due to the great effectiveness in both.

Thus, Every Brazilian jiu-jitsu beginner white belt should know and execute it well on a BJJ opponent. The entry for this BJJ pass can be done from a spider guard. Therefore, the jiu jitsu practitioner arrives to put in grips under your opponent’s legs.

Then he drives his or her weight and pressure using the shoulder to pass your opponent’s ju jitsu guard to side control.

BJJ guard retention

The guard retentions have not less importance in Brazilian jiu-jitsu. However, a wise BJJ practitioner allows an important amount of time to work and develop his or her guard retention and recovery skills. 

The smoothness in the guard recovery comes from solid work on some specific and basics BJJ moves and drills techniques like hips mobility and flexibility drills and more.


source: BJJ Mental Models

Here a BJJ video that explains the basics of the guard retention by John Danaher.


source: Bernardo Faria BJJ 

Jiu Jitsu guard attacks

There are tons of Brazilian jiu-jitsu guard attacks and submissions from several BJJ position. Here are some jiujitsu attacks from some BJJ guards.  

Having a guard that is designed to submit your opponent.

source: BjjBrick Podcast- BJJ, no-gi and good times!

  • Full guard BJJ attacks

The full guard is one of the basics and effective jiu-jitsu positions for beginners or advances grappler, where you can process various moves and techniques.

Furthermore, you can hunt a kimura lock, armbar, triangle choke BJJ, scissor sweep, kimura sweep, hips pump sweep, and many other jiu-jitsu techniques and submissions


source: Knight Jiu-Jitsu 

  • Jiu Jitsu Half guard attacks

The BJJ half guard is a real jiu jitsu opportunity for sweeping your opponent or transition to leg locks and many other ju jitsu submissions and transitions.


source: BJJ Joe 

  • Rubber guard attacks

What you can do from the rubber guard position? 

The rubber guard is a very effective guard in jiu jitsu and MMA as it prevents the opponent’s striking and keeps the guard player safe.

Furthermore, it’s a real opportunity to submit your opponent by a gogoplata or triangle choke. But this BJJ guard demands more flexibility in the hips and the legs to play it well. 


source: Knight Jiu-Jitsu 

  • spider guard jiujitsu attacks

A Brazilian jiu jitsu fighter can reach from this position many BJJ attacks submissions like triangle choke, armbar, omoplata, and more.


source: Ricardo Cavalcanti BJJ 

BJJ guard sweeps

Brazilian jiu-jitsu fighters may play the BJJ guards as a set up to some beautiful sweeps.

You can achieve when you put your opponent off-balance and when no base to recover.  Here are some awesome ju jitsu guard sweeps.

  • Jiu Jitsu Full guard sweeps


source: Knight Jiu-Jitsu 

The closed guard is among the tough positions in Brazilian jiu jitsu where you can install strong control on your BJJ opponent. And, if you got an awesome control then you can put your opponent out of balance and then the east jiu jitsu sweep come knocking your door. 

Here are some basic Brazilian jiu-jitsu sweeps that you can do from the closed guard.

The Lumberjack Sweep

The lumberjack sweep is one among the classic sweeps in jiu-jitsu, and sure you will have fun learning and applying this basic BJJ technique. The lumberjack sweep’s setup starts from the closed guard position with the opponent standing straight up. You need to watch this instructional BJJ video for more details about the lumberjack sweep technique.


source: Absolute MMA St Kilda – Melbourne

 The Hip Bump Sweep

 The Hip Bump Sweep is one among the foremost basic sweeps from guard in Brazilian jiu jitsu. Therefore, any BJJ white belt should learn this explosive sweep technique. The Hip Bump Sweep involves trapping one among your opponent’s arms and using momentum, exploding together with your hips to topple your opponent over. You need to see this instructional jiu jitsu video for more details about the Hip Bump Sweep.


source: The Grappling Academy

The Scissor Sweep

The Scissor Sweep is one among the very first sweeps you’ll learn as a white belt in BJJ. Otherwise, scissor sweep is one among the foremost powerful BJJ sweeps from guard if used correctly from the white belt to the black belt rank. The Scissor Sweep may be a sweep from the closed guard position that involves grabbing hold of an opponent’s collar and sleeve. 

Indeed, if you wish to do an awesome scissor sweep technique from the closed guard, so, you need to grab your opponent’s cross collar (as deep as you can) together with the opponent’s side sleeve and place your knee across your opponent’s chest. Then, pull your BJJ opponent’s sleeve straight back towards you, such as you are checking on your wristwatch, and that is going to force the opponent to lose his balance. As a result, you got the scissor sweep. You need to see this instructional jiu jitsu video for more details about The Scissor Sweep technique.


source: Chewjitsu

The Flower Sweep

The Flower Sweep also referred to as the Pendulum Sweep, maybe a closed guard sweep that utilizes heavy hip rotation to finish the BJJ sweep. The goal of this BJJ technique is to trap one opponent’s hand and make a rotation using your hips towards that trapped hand. Although, you could not do this jiu jitsu sweep properly without a deep understanding of the contact points within your opponent and a good timing.  

 You need to see this instructional BJJ video for more details about The Flower Sweep technique.


source: Chewjitsu

  • Spider guard BJJ sweeps

Check out this Brazilian jiu jitsu instructional video for some cool BJJ sweeps from the spider guard.


source: Knight Jiu-Jitsu 

  • Jiu-Jitsu half guard sweeps

Check out this BJJ instructional video for some awesome Brazilian jiu jitsu sweeps from the half guard.


source: Chewjitsu 

  • Deep half guard BJJ sweeps

Feel free to check out this BJJ instructional video for some awesome Brazilian jiu jitsu sweeps from the half guard.


source: Knight Jiu-Jitsu 

  • BJJ butterfly guard sweeps

Check out this jiu jitsu instructional video for more technical details about  the BJJ Butterfly sweeps.


source: MMA Leech 

Jiu Jitsu guard drills

The Brazilian jiu jitsu drills are also very important to build an unbeatable guard. The BJJ drills give you more mobility, flexibility, and balance.

Thus, you will execute properly the BJJ guard passing, retention, escapes, sweeps, etc.  

  • BJJ Guard passing drills


source: Chewjitsu 

  • BJJ Guard retention drills


source: Tom Barlow 

  • BJJ Guard mobility drills


source: BJJ World 


The guard is one of the basics of BJJ positions. A dominant jiu-jitsu guard will help you to stay safe from attacks. It will open your road to plenty of Brazilian jujitsu submissions, Sweeps, and transitions to another type of guard and dominant positions. 

Feel free to let us know what type of Brazilian jui jitsu guard do you play? Why?


What does guard mean in jiu jitsu?

The guard is a ground position in Brazilian jiu jitsu martial art, where the guy in the bottom is going to install a type of control using his / her hands and legs (there are many types of guards in BJJ).

How to pass guard jiu jitsu?

Passing your opponent guard is not an easy task, and many Brazilian jiu jitsu practitioners struggle to achieve it. But, you can do a successful guard if you consider these steps:
1. Read your BJJ opponent guard: if you detect the type of jiu jitsu guard this means that you have already 50% of the solution to pass the opponent guard. Otherwise, this helps to choose the right guard passing technique.
2. Install the right grips (points of control) on your opponent. And make sure that these grips must be in coherence with the chosen guard passing technique.
3. Manage the distance within your opponent. And this depends on the chosen jiu jitsu guard passing technique, some techniques need you to close the distance and others no.
5. Make your move at the right timing. And make to not lose control at this whole BJJ guard passing process.

What are the types of guard in Brazilian jiu jitsu?

There are a plethora of Brazilian jiu jitsu guards including the closed guard, open guard, spider guard, half guard, butterfly guard, 50 50 guard, X guard, just to name a few.

How to sweep from guard in jiu jitsu?

There are various types of sweeps in Brazilian jiu jitsu that can be preceded for many jiu jitsu guard positions. But, the similarity about all sweeps process is that you need to put your BJJ opponent out of balance, and then move him to the side where he has no control point.


  1. Thanks pertaining to taking turns the following excellent subject on your website. I came across it on the internet. I will check to come back when you publish much more articles.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here