Jiu Jitsu guard all what you need to know

Jiu Jitsu guard all what you need to know

The jiu jitsu guard is a BJJ position with tons of various types. This depends on the points of control (grips) that you install. For example, there are the Brazilian ju jitsu closed guard, open guard, spider guard, half guard, butterfly guard just to name a few. Furthermore, some jiu-jitsu guard positions are perfect when your opponent is standing, and other guards are effective when he or she is kneeling. Otherwise, some jiujitsu guard attacks are savage with the BJJ gi and others without the gi. 

It’s important to recognize that some jiu-jitsu guard positions are ideal for BJJ grappling submissions but can be dangerous to play at mixed martial arts (MMA) tournaments. Others maybe can serve as a defense or escape from some dominant positions.


Indeed, there are limitless ways to play the same guard depending on the physiology of the jui jitsu practitioner. 

In this Brazilian ju jitsu article, you will learn a ton of things about the BJJ guard’s sweep techniques, attacks, drills, guard passing, etc.

Jiu Jitsu guard types

jiu jitsu guard

The guard is very important in Brazilian jiu jitsu. Therefore, a tough BJJ and grappling fighter is known by his or her sophisticated BJJ guard.

Otherwise, the more you have a savage guard the more you develop your jiu-jitsu because it’s the blueprint for many sweeps, control, and attacks.

Furthermore, a wise BJJ student will try several guards until he or she finds the best unbeatable guard that works well for him or her. 

Let’s discover a list of some Basics types of BJJ guards like the open guard and more.

source: Knight Jiu-Jitsu

  1. Full Guard BJJ 

jiu jitsu guards

The full guard or the closed guard is one of the essential jiu-jitsu guards taught to beginners. This is often a really important and tiny complicated position every new Brazilian jiu-jitsu practitioner should learn and affect from the start of the BJJ practice.  

How can you play full guard? First, you need to drive your BJJ opponent in a position where your legs are closed around the opponent’s waist (hips). Then you must set other points of control like gripping the sleeve, collar grip, or controlling the head, etc.

Otherwise, when playing the jiujitsu closed guard you prevent your opponent from sweeps or submissions. On the other hand, you have a high submission percentage.

  1. High Guard in Brazilian jiu jitsu

jiu jitsu guard types

The jiujitsu high guard or also named climbing guard is a variation of the full guard that demands a little flexibility. Otherwise, you need to have more experience training Brazilian jiu-jitsu to play this type of BJJ guards.

What’s the high guard in Brazilian jujitsu? The high guard may be a kind of closed guard where your legs are placed near the BJJ opponent’s shoulders. As a result, you put your opponent in a dangerous jiu-jitsu position where you can attack him with an armbar or triangle easily.

Otherwise, the high guard may represent a real entry or transition to the jiu jitsu rubber guard.

  1. Rubber Guard BJJ

rubber guard mma

The rubber guard (created by Eddie Bravo) is one of the tough Brazilian jiu-jitsu guards that demand more flexibility.  And you can achieve it from the full or the high guard. 

What’s the rubber guard in Brazilian jiujitsu?  The rubber guard may be a kind of high guard where you need to use your feet in a very high position to control your opponent’s neck and keep his head down.

As a result, you arrive to control your opponent perfectly with a bad BJJ posture.  

  1. Half Guard jiu jitsu

bjj guard

Nowadays, the half guard is one of the favored sweeping positions for many world Brazilian jiu-jitsu fighters and grappling submission. It is one of the most essential BJJ guards in both gi and no-gi grappling. 

The half guard is a very common jui jitsu position where one of your legs is trapped between your opponent’s legs. Furthermore, it may be a transition position to the jiujitsu half-butterfly guard, deep half guard, Z guard, X guard, back control, full guard retention, and more.

source: The Jits Guy – Middle East’s Premier Jiu Jitsu Podcast (BJJ)

  1. Open Guard BJJ

brazilian jiu jitsu guard

What is the open guard in Brazilian jiu-jitsu? The open guard is a position in jiu-jitsu where a practitioner’s legs aren’t closed around his or her opponent’s waist. Therefore, the BJJ student may transit to the open guard from a weak full guard or half guard due to the opposition movement. 

On the other hand, there are a plethora of transitional positions, sweeps, and submissions from the jiu-jitsu open guard. For example, you can transit to the spider guard BJJ, butterfly guard, dela Riva guard, reverse de la Riva guard, and more.

  1. BJJ Butterfly Guard

guards in jiu jitsu

The butterfly guard is a dynamic BJJ position with many sweeps options. It can be played in both gi and no-gi grappling. To play this type of jiu-jitsu guard you need to be familiar with the sitting position and active on the off-balance.

Some BJJ fighters use the butterfly guard as an entry-to-leg lock submission, and others use it as a transition to the X guard, single leg X guard, or even the half guard jiujitsu.  

  1. Spider guard in Brazilian jiu-jitsu

brazilian jiu jitsu guards

What’s a spider guard? The spider guard is one of the toughest BJJ guard positions. It can be used to maintain good control of the distance within your standing or kneeling opponent.

Indeed, the jiu-jitsu spider guard aims to put the opponent in an off-balance position preparing a good environment for several sweeps and submissions (BJJ triangle chokes, armbar, and omoplata).

The spider could be a transition for other BJJ guards like the Dela Riva guard. Furthermore, The jiu-jitsu spider guard is a sort of open guard with a dynamic game, where a BJJ student grips the opponent’s wrists or sleeves and has a minimum of one foot controlling his arms.

Typically only one of your feet goes to be placed against his biceps, or your leg will spiral around his elbow alongside your toes hiding underneath his upper arm.

  1. BJJ De La Riva Guard

guards in bjj

De La Riva (DLR) is one of the toughest Brazilian jiu-jitsu guard positions created by Ricardo de la Riva.

The BJJ control is tough and popular among several jiu-jitsu practitioners within the BJJ Gi and no-gi grappling. Otherwise, the de la Riva guard allows you to attack with a very large arsenal, including sweeps, berimbolo, back takes, chokes, arm locks, and leglocks.

  1. Inverted guard in jujitsu

inverted guard

What’s an inverted guard? The inverted guard game may be a very fashionable one within the world of recent Brazilian jiu-jitsu and grappling.

Tornado guard BJJ is one of the types of inverted guards that gives you all the advantages of the inverted guard with none of the strain.

Furthermore, “Cyborg”, or Roberto Abreau has proven over and once again that the tornado guard works at the very best levels. He used his invention to beat the who’s who of BJJ in both Gi and No-Gi. Discover more about the inverted guard in this BJJ media.

source: WorldMartialArts 

  1. X guard BJJ

x guard

The X guard is one of the complex guards in BJJ martial art. The X guard may be a niche of thought control, submissions, and sweeps. Elsewhere, many Brazilian jiu-jitsu black belt world champions have used the X-guard BJJ to win titles over the years.

The X guard gives you almost unbreakable control over your jiu-jitsu opponent. Thus, many traditional guard passing techniques don’t work well against this super-tough type of jiu-jitsu guard. Therefore, you gain more leverage to sweep or submit your opponent. Check out this BJJ instructional video for more details about the X guard by Stephan Kesting.

source: Stephan Kesting

  1. 50/50 Guard Jiu Jitsu Guard

The 50 50 guard BJJ may be a position that falls under the open guards’ category where one player’s leg gets around another player’s same side leg. Thus, it gives Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu opponents an equivalent attacking opportunity usually from a seated position in the bottom game. So, they’re looking for leg locks or different lapel guard options.

Learn more about the 50/50 guard jiu jitsu in this video.

Source: JM Modern Jiu Jitsu

  1. Shawn Williams Guard BJJ

best jiu jitsu guards

What’s the Shawn Williams guard in jiu jitsu? Shawn Williams’ guard may be a BJJ guard that merges between the closed guard and the rubber guard. It’s a jiu jitsu guard that can be reached from the closed guard position by bringing one of your legs near the opponent’s using both hands. So, the bottom full guard player arrives to set a solid control on one opponent’s side.

Williams guard doesn’t demand a high degree of flexibility. However, it gives you an easy transition to the rubber guard or to some jiu jitsu submissions such as the omoplata

Learn more about the Shawn Williams guard in this BJJ video

Source: BJJ Fanatics

Jiu-Jitsu Guard Pass Techniques

jiujitsu guard

On becoming a good jiu jitsu passing guard fighter, you need first to learn the BJJ guard pass concepts. Otherwise, passing any type of BJJ guard demands specific moves and techniques. 

the principles behind guard passing.

source: BJJ Mental Models

Let’s discover a list of jiu jitsu guard passing techniques.

  1. Toreando Guard Pass Technique

The tornado “bullfighter” BJJ guard pass technique may be a basic staple of the Brazilian jiu-jitsu system. 

Discover more details about the jiu jitsu toreando pass technique in this video. 

source: Bernardo Faria BJJ 

  1. Knee Cut Guard Pass.

Source: Bernardo Faria BJJ Fanatics

A knee cut (knee slide) may be a great BJJ technique move to pass someone’s guard. You can use the knee cut guard pass technique when your opponent plays a sort of open guard.

Therefore, you find the space and distance to slide your knee on one of your opponent’s legs within hips and shoulder control.

  1. Over Under Guard Passing 

Source:Stephan Kesting

The over under is an efficient guard pass technique used in both jiu-jitsu gi and no-gi grappling training. You can apply the over-under BJJ when your opponent plays a sort of open or half guard.

Therefore, you are getting one among your arms over your BJJ opponent’s legs and your other arm under his legs. And once controlling your opponent’s leg you chose one side to pass his guard.

Then you shift your hips and weight therein direction and here is that the jiujitsu guard pass completed.

  1. Single Under Guard Passing Technique.

Source: Mauricio Gomes BJJ

A single underhook guard pass is among the foremost simple but devastating basic techniques of Brazilian jujitsu guard passing. Otherwise, the single under BJJ is a tightness pass technique with maximum pressure on the jiu-jitsu opponent.  

How do I do a single under BJJ pass? You can enter the jiu-jitsu single under from an open guard position (spider guard, butterfly guard, etc.). And there you need to close the distance within your opponent, gripping using under one of his legs, and shifting your weight pressure on him using your shoulder.

  1. Double under guard passing technique.

Source: BJJ Fanatics

The double under technique is one of the only basics of jiu-jitsu guard passing. And, it’s employed frequently in both gi and no-gi competition due to the great effectiveness in both.

Thus, every Brazilian jiu-jitsu beginner white belt should know and execute it well on a BJJ opponent. The entry for this BJJ pass can be done from a spider guard. Therefore, the jiu-jitsu practitioner arrives to put in grips under your opponent’s legs.

Then he drives his or her weight and pressure using the shoulder to pass your opponent’s guard to side control.

BJJ guard retention

The guard retentions have no less importance in Brazilian jiu-jitsu. However, a wise BJJ practitioner allows an important amount of time to work and develop his or her guard retention and recovery skills. 

The smoothness of the guard recovery comes from solid work on some specific and basic BJJ moves and drills techniques like hip mobility, flexibility drills, and more.

source: BJJ Mental Models

Jiu Jitsu guard attacks

There are tons of Brazilian jiu-jitsu guard attacks and submissions from several BJJ positions. Here are some jiujitsu attacks from some BJJ guards.  

Have a guard that is designed to submit to your opponent.

source: BjjBrick Podcast- BJJ, no-gi and good times!

  • Full guard BJJ attacks

The full guard is one of the basic and effective jiu-jitsu positions for beginners or advanced grapplers, where you can process various moves and techniques.

Furthermore, you can hunt a kimura lock, armbar, triangle choke BJJ, scissor sweep, kimura sweep, hips pump sweep, and many other jiu-jitsu techniques and submissions

source: Knight Jiu-Jitsu 

  • Jiu Jitsu Half guard attacks

The BJJ half guard is a real jiu jitsu opportunity to sweep your opponent or transition to leg locks and many other ju jitsu submissions and transitions.

source: BJJ Joe 

  • Rubber guard attacks

What can you do from the rubber guard position?  The rubber guard is a very effective guard in jiu jitsu and MMA as it prevents the opponent’s striking and keeps the guard player safe.

Furthermore, it’s a real opportunity to submit your opponent by a gogoplata or triangle choke. But this BJJ guard demands more flexibility in the hips and the legs to play well. 

source: Knight Jiu-Jitsu 

  • Spider guard Jiujitsu attacks

A Brazilian jiu jitsu fighter can reach from this position many BJJ attacks submissions like triangle choke, armbar, omoplata, and more.

source: Knight Jiu-Jitsu

BJJ guard sweeps

Brazilian jiu-jitsu fighters may play the BJJ guards as a setup for some beautiful sweeps.

It can be achieved when you put your opponent off-balance and when there is no basis to recover.  Here are some awesome Ju Jitsu guard sweeps.

  • Jiu Jitsu Full guard sweeps

source: Knight Jiu-Jitsu 

The closed guard is among the tough positions in Brazilian jiu-jitsu where you can install strong control on your BJJ opponent. And if you’ve got awesome control then you can put your opponent out of balance and then the east jiu jitsu sweep comes knocking on your door. 

Here are some basic Brazilian jiu-jitsu sweeps that you can do from the closed guard.

Lumberjack Sweep

The lumberjack sweep is one of the classic sweeps in jiu-jitsu, and sure you will have fun learning and applying this basic BJJ technique. The lumberjack sweep’s setup starts from a closed guard position with the opponent standing straight up. You need to watch this instructional BJJ video for more details about the lumberjack sweep technique.

source: Absolute MMA St Kilda – Melbourne

Hip Bump Sweep

The Hip Bump Sweep is among the foremost basic sweeps from guard in Brazilian jiu-jitsu. Therefore, any BJJ white belt should learn this explosive sweep technique.

The Hip Bump Sweep involves trapping one among your opponent’s arms and using momentum, exploding together with your hips to topple your opponent over. You need to see this instructional jiu-jitsu video for more details about the Hip Bump Sweep.

source: Absolute MMA St Kilda – Melbourne

how to do a scissor sweep bjj

Scissor Sweep is one of the very first sweeps you’ll learn as a white belt in BJJ. Otherwise, the scissor sweep is among the foremost powerful BJJ sweeps from guard if used correctly from the white belt to the black belt rank. Scissor Sweep may be a sweep from a closed guard position that involves grabbing hold of an opponent’s collar and sleeve. 

Indeed, if you wish to do an awesome scissor sweep technique from the closed guard, so, you need to grab your opponent’s cross collar (as deep as you can) together with the opponent’s side sleeve and place your knee across your opponent’s chest.

Then, pull your BJJ opponent’s sleeve straight back towards you, such as you are checking on your wristwatch, and that is going to force the opponent to lose his balance. As a result, you got a scissor sweep. You need to see this instructional jiu-jitsu video for more details about The Scissor Sweep technique.

source: Chewjitsu

Flower Sweep

Flower Sweep – also referred to as the Pendulum Sweep – may be a closed guard sweep that utilizes heavy hip rotation to finish the BJJ sweep. The goal of this BJJ technique is to trap one opponent’s hand and make a rotation using your hips towards that trapped hand.

Although, you could not do this jiu-jitsu sweep properly without a deep understanding of the contact points within your opponent and good timing.  You need to see this instructional BJJ video for more details about the Flower Sweep technique.

source: MMA Leech

  • Spider Guard BJJ Sweeps

Check out this Brazilian jiu jitsu instructional video for some cool BJJ sweeps from the spider guard.

source: MMA Leech

  • Jiu-Jitsu half guard sweeps

Check out this BJJ instructional video for some awesome Brazilian jiu-jitsu sweeps from the half guard.

source: Chewjitsu 

  • Deep half guard BJJ sweeps

Feel free to check out this BJJ instructional video for some awesome Brazilian jiu jitsu sweeps from the half guard.

source: Aaron Benzrihem bjj

  • BJJ butterfly guard sweeps

Check out this jiu jitsu instructional video for more technical details about the BJJ Butterfly sweeps.

Source: MMA Leech

Jiu Jitsu guard drills

The Brazilian jiu-jitsu drills are also very important to build an unbeatable guard. The BJJ drills give you more mobility, flexibility, and balance.

Thus, you will execute properly the BJJ guard passing, retention, escapes, sweeps, etc.  

  • BJJ Guard passing drills

source: Cobrinha Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu & Fitness

  • BJJ Guard retention drills

source: Absolute MMA

  • BJJ Guard mobility drills

source: Chewjitsu

Best BJJ Guard for MMA

Source: JM Modern Jiu Jitsu

What is the best guard for MMA? A good guard in MMA is the one that will help you to manage the striking distance such as the closed guard, 50/50 guard, Rubber guard, Shawn Williams guard.

Best BJJ Guard Nogi 

Source: Alec Baulding

What is the best guard for No-Gi BJJ? A good guard in no-gi jiu-jitsu is the one that will help stay very active in your game with good control to manage the distance such as the closed guard, X guard, butterfly guard, deep half guard.


The guard is one of the basics of BJJ positions. A dominant jiu-jitsu guard will help you to stay safe from attacks. Sweeping and transitioning to other types of the guard and dominant positions will open your road to plenty of Brazilian jujitsu submissions. 

Feel free to let us know what type of Brazilian jui jitsu guard you play. Why?


What does guard mean in jiu jitsu?

The guard is a ground position in Brazilian jiu jitsu martial art, where the guy in the bottom is going to install a type of control using his / her hands and legs (there are many types of guards in BJJ).

How to pass guard jiu jitsu?

Passing your opponent guard is not an easy task, and many Brazilian jiu jitsu practitioners struggle to achieve it. But, you can do a successful guard if you consider these steps:
1. Read your BJJ opponent guard: if you detect the type of jiu jitsu guard this means that you have already 50% of the solution to pass the opponent guard. Otherwise, this helps to choose the right guard passing technique.
2. Install the right grips (points of control) on your opponent. And make sure that these grips must be in coherence with the chosen guard passing technique.
3. Manage the distance within your opponent. And this depends on the chosen jiu jitsu guard passing technique, some techniques need you to close the distance and others no.
5. Make your move at the right timing. And make to not lose control at this whole BJJ guard passing process.

What are the types of guard in Brazilian jiu jitsu?

There are a plethora of Brazilian jiu jitsu guards including the closed guard, open guard, spider guard, half guard, butterfly guard, 50 50 guard, X guard, just to name a few.

How to sweep from guard in jiu jitsu?

There are various types of sweeps in Brazilian jiu jitsu that can be preceded for many jiu jitsu guard positions. But, the similarity about all sweeps process is that you need to put your BJJ opponent out of balance, and then move him to the side where he has no control point.


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