Jiu Jitsu Moves and Techniques for White Belts (Full Guide)

jiu jitsu moves and techniques for white belts

As a wise white belt, you must be familiar with a wide range of jiu-jitsu moves and techniques to improve your overall performance. As a result, you have a variety of movements at your disposal to defend yourself in BJJ sparring, escape unpleasant positions, or even submit to your opponent.

So, what are the basic BJJ movements and techniques that white belts should learn and practice to improve their game?

Basic Movements Basic Submissions
  • Bridging
  • Shrimping
  • Technical standups
  • Sprawl
  • Forward/backward rolls
  • Triangle choke
  • Armbar submission
  • Kimura lock
  • Guillotine choke
Guard Passing Moves Sweeping movements
  • Over-under guard pass
  • Double underhook pass
  • Single underhook pass
  • Toreando guard pass
  • Knee slide pass
  • Hip bump sweep
  • Scissor sweep
  • Pendulum sweep
  • Elevator sweep
  • Flower Sweep
  • Double ankle sweep
  • Lumberjack sweep
Escapes Techniques Other Techniques
  • Side control escapes
  • Basic mount escapes
  • Back control escapes
  • Bottom turtle escapes
  • Knee on belly escapes
  • Single-leg move
  • Double-leg takedown
  • Arm Drag Takedown

If you’re a jiu-jitsu beginner who wants to learn and master a variety of different moves and submissions, you’ve come to the right place. This guide will assist you in understanding and completing the fundamental movements and techniques for BJJ white belts to improve their game. Stay tuned!


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Fundamental Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Beginner Moves

Fundamental bjj moves

As a white belt, you must study and master several fundamental moves to improve your Brazilian jiu-jitsu. So, take a look at the following essential movements that beginners must learn and understand.

  • BJJ Bridging Movement

Bridging is one of the basic Brazilian jiu-jitsu moves that any white belt should master. But, first, skill up your game to learn the BJJ bridge movement properly. So, you’re maybe wondering, how does the bridging move affect your jiu-jitsu game?

The BJJ bridge will assist you in getting out of (escape) or into a variety of Brazilian jiu-jitsu positions. For example, the bridging moves can assist you in escaping some bottom positions, such as the bottom side control and the bottom mount position, in naming a couple of possibilities.

Furthermore, the jiu-jitsu bridge assists the bottom player in generating enough power to escape an undesirable position. And, it will require you to engage your hip muscles, glutes, and hamstrings properly.

Indeed, to complete a successful bridge move, you must react at the appropriate timing in the right direction.

  • Jiu-Jitsu Shrimp Move

The BJJ shrimp is one of the fundamental moves that every white belt should learn and master. Therefore, it is critical to thoroughly understand the BJJ Shrimp movements to improve your overall skill level.

You might be wondering, how do shrimping movements affect your jiu-jitsu game?

The jiu-jitsu shrimp move will assist you in maintaining distance between you and your opponent to recover a good position. Examples include escaping some bottom positions, such as the knee on the belly, side control, and other variations.

Furthermore, in addition to guard recovery, the shrimping movement can help you get some other amazing things.

As a result, shrimping is a crucial move to master if you want to improve your BJJ skills. Furthermore, it will be highly beneficial when combining the bridging and shrimping movements.

  • BJJ Technical Stand Up

The technical standup is another essential Brazilian jiu-jitsu move that beginners should learn and master from their first days on the mat. Furthermore, it is vital to understand the technical standup movement to improve your jiu-jitsu skills to a high level.

Consequently, you may be wondering why it is necessary to learn the technical standup move?

The technical standup movement in jiu-jitsu will assist you in maintaining a safe distance between yourself and your opponent during a fight.

For example, the technical standup can help you break an opponent’s control on your way from a seated position toward a neutralized standing position.

As a result, technical standup is a significant move you should learn and master if you want to improve your BJJ capabilities. Otherwise, it can protect you in self-defense or grappling martial arts fight from being smashed.

  • Jiu-Jitsu Sprawl Move

The sprawl is one of the most fundamental jiu-jitsu moves for white belts to learn from their first days on the mat. Furthermore, understanding the BJJ sprawl movement is critical to improving your jiu-jitsu skills to a high level of proficiency. So the question now is why you should learn the jiu-jitsu sprawl move?

The goal of the BJJ sprawl move is to make your hips flat toward the floor, making it difficult for an opponent to move your center of gravity. For example, the jiu-jitsu sprawl movement can assist you in defending against a double leg takedown attack.

Moreover, to complete a successful sprawling movement, you must react in an explosive and fast manner at the appropriate timing. In that case, it will be beneficial in Brazilian jiu-jitsu or wrestling.

  • BJJ Forward and Backward Rolls

The forward and backward rolls are two of the most fundamental jiu-jitsu movements that beginners should become familiar with as soon as possible. In addition, understanding and mastering these basic moves will help you improve your BJJ game so far.

Nonetheless, you may be wondering how forward and backward rolls can be beneficial in a BJJ fight?

The back roll in jiu-jitsu allows you to roll over your shoulders to protect your back or head from an attacking attempt. Nonetheless, it can help counter some guard passes, get into submissions, or escape from weak positions.

On the other hand, the BJJ forward roll can help you avoid uncomfortable positions like the bottom turtle. Otherwise, you can use it in some sweeps variations to protect your head or neck from injury. Indeed, you can use it to apply some submissions, etc.

As a result, forward and backward rolls are important movements to learn and master to improve your BJJ abilities. However, it is critical to take the necessary time to learn these movements properly to avoid injuring your head and shoulders.

Basic BJJ White Belt Submissions

Submissions are among the most impressive techniques for ending a fight in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and MMA. However, to strengthen your BJJ game as a white belt, you must study various submission movements. So, look at the following essential beginner jiu-jitsu submissions that you need to learn and comprehend.

  • Triangle Choke

The triangle choke is an essential Brazilian jiu-jitsu submission that every white belt should learn and understand its mechanics. Furthermore, becoming acquainted with this fantastic technique aids in the development of an effective attacking game. So, you may be wondering how does triangle choke work?

The triangle choke involves applying a great deal of pressure across your opponent’s neck, disrupting the blood flow. As a result, the opponent is left with few options, either tap out or go to sleep.

Furthermore, there are numerous basic triangle choke variations that you should learn, such as the closed guard triangle choke, arm-triangle choke, etc. 

  • Armbar Submission

The armbar is one of the fundamental BJJ submission techniques that all white belts should learn and master. Furthermore, familiarizing yourself with this fantastic technique and comprehending its mechanics will aid you in developing an outstanding attacking game.

So, you’re probably curious to know how an armbar submission works?

The armbar is a grappling submission move that hyperextends the elbow joints due to tight arm control.

In addition, the armbar is one of those jiu-jitsu submissions that can be done almost anywhere. As a result, you should learn several armbar variations, such as the closed guard armbar, straight armbar, side control armbar, and so on.

  • Kimura Lock Submission

Kimura lock is another fundamental Brazilian jiu-jitsu submission technique that beginners should learn and practice. Besides, it’s an effective submission that many competitors use in various competitions.

So, becoming familiar with and understanding the mechanics of the kimura lock can aid you in establishing an excellent attacking game in the future. So, you’re probably wondering how a kimura submission works?

The Kimura submission is a shoulder lock technique most commonly seen in Brazilian jiu-jitsu and mixed martial arts (MMA). Furthermore, it’s a highly effective submission technique to submit any fighter across all belt levels and categories.

Moreover, the kimura technique is a fascinating submission that can be performed from practically any BJJ position.

Therefore, you should become familiar with numerous kimura variations, including the closed guard kimura, reverse kimura submission, side control kimura lock, etc.

  • Guillotine Choke

The guillotine choke is one of the top Brazilian jiu-jitsu submission techniques that you should learn and master. It is widely used in BJJ and MMA tournaments since it is one of the most effective attacks.

As a result, white belts should become familiarized with this great head and arm choke technique to create an excellent attacking game. So, you’re undoubtedly wondering how the guillotine choke submission works?

The guillotine submission is a blood choke that disrupts the opponent’s blood flow, forcing him to give up. And, it requires using one or two arms to wrap your opponent’s neck in the form of a guillotine.

Otherwise, performing the guillotine choke from multiple positions, including standing and closed guard, will level up your game so far.


To discover more about the best chokes in Brazilian jiu-jitsu, click here.


Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Basic Sweeps for White Belts

basic jiu jitsu moves

Sweeps are among the most impressive techniques in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu for reversing the game. Furthermore, most people enjoy doing sweeps because they help a bottom player flip his opponent on getting out of an unwanted position.

As a white belt, you need many sweeping techniques to improve your jiu-jitsu. So, look at some basic BJJ sweeps that you know and understand.

  • Hip Bump Sweep

The hip bump sweep is a fundamental technique in Brazilian jiu-jitsu. As a result, BJJ white belts should learn and understand this technique from the start. So, you’re probably wondering how the hip bump sweep impacts your jiu-jitsu game?

The hip bump sweep can be successfully performed with various powerful variations and combinations from closed guard. For example, it can be combined with a series of submissions such as the triangle choke, kimura lock, and omoplata, among others.

As a wise jiu-jitsu beginner looking to build a savage closed guard, you must add the hip bump sweep to your attacking system.

  • Scissor Sweep

The scissor sweep is another fundamental technique in Brazilian jiu-jitsu for white belts. It’s a fantastic movement that you should learn and understand from your early days on the mat. So, you’re probably wondering how the scissor sweep impacts your game?

The scissor sweep will help you develop your closed guard attacks so far. It’s a great move to maneuver an opponent’s posture and weight using proper sleeve and collar grips. Otherwise, scissor sweep offers numerous transitions and submissions, such as the armbar, triangle choke, cross choke, omoplata, kimura, and more.

Furthermore, the scissor sweep is one of the fundamental jujitsu sweeps that remains effective from white belt to black belt and beyond. So, as a wise jiu-jitsu beginner looking to build a savage game, you must add the scissor sweep to your attacking system.

  • Pendulum Sweep

The pendulum sweep is one of the essential foundational techniques in Brazilian jiu-jitsu for white belts. Therefore, you should be familiar with and understand this beautiful movement from your very first days on the mat.

Thus far, you’ve undoubtedly been wondering how a pendulum sweep may be of use to you?

The pendulum sweep is one of the best techniques in Brazilian jiu-jitsu. It’s an effective Gi and No-Gi movement to put your opponent in real danger. Otherwise, This move is pretty beneficial for high-level competition and even self-defense scenarios.

Furthermore, the pendulum sweep is one of the most effective closed guard sweeps you should learn to develop a ruthless game style.

  • Elevator Sweep

The elevator sweep is one of the most critical foundational techniques in Brazilian jiu-jitsu for white belts. It’s another BJJ sweep that you need to become familiar with and understand from the start of your training.

In addition, The elevator sweep is one of the most impressive sweeps in the history of Brazilian jiu-jitsu. And, it can be performed from many positions, including the closed guard, half guard, and so on.

As a result, this move is quite advantageous, and it will assist you in developing a solid attacking game.

  • Double Ankle Sweep

The double ankle sweep is another fundamental BJJ grappling movement for white belts. Therefore, you should be familiar with and understand this beautiful movement from your very first days on the mat.

Otherwise, the double ankle sweep technique can be performed effectively from a closed guard, among other positions. Therefore, Adding this sweep type into your game will elevate performance so far toward developing a solid attacking game.

  • Lumberjack Sweep

The lumberjack sweep is one of the best basic Brazilian jiu-jitsu movements for white belts. It’s is a classic sweep technique often performed effectively from a closed guard position. But it can also be completed successfully from other positions such as the butterfly guard, X guard, etc. 

Adding this fantastic technique into your jiu-jitsu game will elevate performance so far. And it will assist you in developing a solid attacking game.

Jiu-Jitsu Basic Guard Passes for White Belts

basic bjj moves

You must learn several fundamental BJJ guard passing techniques as a white belt. So, take a look at the following essential guard passes that beginners must learn and understand.

  • Knee Cut Guard Pass

The knee Cut (knee slide) is among the best BJJ techniques for white belts. It’s an excellent technique move for getting through someone’s guard.

  • Over Under Guard Passing Technique

The over-under pass is another fantastic technique for BJJ beginners. It’s a powerful and effective guard passing move in both gi and no-gi that you should learn from your jiu-jitsu beginning.

  • Single Under Guard Pass

The single-under pass is one of the best BJJJ guard passing techniques white belts should learn and master. It’s is one of the most fundamental and practical moves in jiu-jitsu because it is brutal and effective.


To learn more about the best guard passes for BJJ, click here.


Essential Jiu-Jitsu Escaping Techniques for White Belts

how many chokes are there in bjj

Escapes are one of the vital techniques in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu for getting out of a bad situation. So, as a white belt, you should learn various escaping movements to level up your jiu-jitsu.

So, look at the following fundamental BJJ escapes that you should know and understand.

  • Basic Side Control Escapes

Source: fightTIPS

  • Basic Mount Escapes

Source: Jedi Does Jiujitsu

  • Basic Back Control Escapes

Source: Atos Jiu-Jitsu HQ | World’s Best BJJ Academy – Home Page

  • Basic Bottom Turtle Escapes

Source: MMA Leech

  • Knee On Belly Escapes

Source: Knight Jiu-Jitsu

BJJ Takedowns for Beginners

basic white belts moves

Takedowns are among the essential techniques in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu that will help you take an opponent from a standing position to the ground. White belts should learn more than three Takedowns variations to boost their BJJ fighting skill.

The following list gives an idea about the fundamental takedown movements that you should know and understand.

Find more about these fundamental takedowns in the following video

Source: Jedi Does Jiujitsu

Final Thoughts

In addition to being a superb martial art discipline, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu also provides its practitioners with many benefits. However, because it is a physically and technically demanding martial arts discipline, some students, particularly novices, may find it difficult to enhance their game. So, how can a white belt maintain concentration on BJJ training for an extended period?

White belts should learn as many basic BJJ moves and techniques as possible to improve their overall game. As a result, students will be able to defend themselves in BJJ sparring, escape from uncomfortable positions, and even submit to their opponent as they go through the program.

Thus, a novice BJJ learner should be familiar with the basic jiu-jitsu movements, submissions, sweeps, escapes, etc.

I hope the beginner Brazilian jiu-jitsu guide above will help improve your game so far as a white belt.

Speak your mind; What is your favorite Brazilian jiu-jitsu move or technique?


To learn about blue Belt BJJ requirements, click here.


Here is a simple guide to properly start learning jiu-jitsu; click here.


Here is an easy guide to understand the BJJ belts system; click here.