BJJ Back Survival for jiu-jitsu Beginners
source: Invisible Jiu Jitsu
The goal when defending your BJJ back is not only to prevent your opponent from getting you in a position of submission but also to prevent him from putting you in a more inferior position.
When attacking your back your opponent has superior leverage and control, it is imperative to focus on a preventative posture instead of trying to defend against a submission.
The BJJ Back Survival Posture is the starting point for all back defenses, and it always should be used as a position to return to if something goes wrong in your back survival game plan.
Here are some hacks that help you to perform the BJJ Back Survival
BJJ Hand Fighting
The Back Survival Posture is a very important position for surviving your back, and when achieving it must relax your hands. Not only does this allow you to block the close entry to the choke, but it also allows you to block your opponent’s other attacks.
As long as you keep your hands relaxed, you can fend off chokes and arm locks by hand fighting. With any hand fighting, your hands must stay close to your body, only meeting your opponent’s attack and not chasing it.
Chasing his attacks moves your elbows away from your body, opening them up to arm attacks and control.
To establish the Back Survival Posture:
- Cover the inside collar of your gi with one hand and cross your free hand over it to protect the other side from attack.
- Your inside arm will rise slightly to block it if your opponent attacks with his right arm.
- If your BJJ opponent attacks with his left arm, your outside hand will block it without reaching.
- Once your opponent is done attacking, you must always return to the starting Back Survival Posture.
The jiu-jitsu scoop position
While achieving a high jiu jitsu rank, many BJJ students were taught the traditional BJJ back defense is a combination of bridging escapes and choke defenses. While these moves worked against many of your BJJ partners.
As the game evolved, but you would see guys who had learned to control against them. To progress with these changes, you should start playing the Scoop. Besides, you will find this is the best posture for escaping the BJJ Back Control.
By shifting your weight down, you eliminate the angle that your opponent needs to attack, and you put him in a situation where he feels losing his dominance.
What is even more precious is that you can do all of this without moving your protective arm, leaving zero openings for your opponent.
source: Knight Jiu-Jitsu
BJJ back survival Common Misconceptions
BJJ Back Survival Grabbing the Hook
Some will try to push or pull a hook off them when they have their back taken. Thus they have one purpose to escape the Back by turning around quickly and face their BJJ opponent. Although this strategy may work on less experienced opponents, against a veteran jiu-jitsu practitioner. You are more likely to get choked as your hand leaves your neck and is drawn toward your opponent’s hook.
BJJ Back Survival Bridging Posture
source: Stephan Kesting
A common escape from the Back is to bridge backward and scoot your hips to the side. However, this can often prove to be quite difficult.
But more likely you give your BJJ opponent better control as your upper back meets his upper chest.
And this position while be even much worst if your opponent has the underhook the bridging cannot minimize his control.
BJJ Arm Pull Escape
Some try to use this BJJ technique to pull their opponent off them by grabbing his arm like a shoulder throw.
Although this strategy can sometimes pull your opponent off the Back, it is strengly dependent.
A smart opponent will take this as a favor to control with his strong grip or transition to a choking technique.
BJJ Side Posture
Going to the side while your opponent has neck control can be very dangerous because it increases the leverage of the choke if you go to the wrong side
Ear Block BJJ Back Defense
A very old-school defense is to block one side of your neck completely by raising your hand to the back of your neck and crossing your free hand to your shoulder.
Although this does an adequate job of preventing certain collar chokes. It also leaves your body completely open to controls like the over-and-under the grip and the Ezequiel choke from the Back.
Rigid Neck BJJ Back Defense
Although grabbing the collars in Rigid Neck Defense may seem like a good idea, it is quite hindering.
By latching on to your lapels, you lock yourself to your gi and simply await the possible control or actions of your opponent.
Back Survival Drills