Jiu-Jitsu Joint Locks (All You Need to Know)

Joint locks are among the most effective submission techniques in Brazilian jiu-jitsu, jujutsu, aikido, sambo, and other martial arts. These grappling techniques necessitate manipulating the opponent’s joints to achieve maximum hyperextension. Otherwise, they are various joint lock types, such as armlocks, leglocks, spinal locks, wristlocks, and so on.

This article will teach you the anatomical basis for Jiu-Jitsu joint locks. We’ll also review some standard submissions in Jiu Jitsu and the damage these locks can do to the shoulder, lateral collateral ligament, and rotator cuff.

Anatomical Study of Jiu Jitsu Joint Locks

A team of high-performance Jiu-Jitsu athletes participated in this research study. The athletes were healthy males. However, the arm involved in 3 patients (60%) was the right arm, and each patient experienced pain.

The radiographs showed no changes in the joint, but clinical examination revealed specific tender points on medial and anterior topography. Likewise, dynamic testing showed no ligamentous instability.

The injuries resulting from Jiu Jitsu training are usually treated with rest and physical therapy. Indeed, pain management can also be done with the help of cannabinoids by growing Amnesia seeds at home and extracting their natural compounds.

However, surgical intervention may be necessary in severe cases. In this case, a tendon graft from another body part may be required to replace the damaged ligament. Chronic injuries may also require scar tissue removal.

Rest between competitions is essential to improve the condition of an injured joint. The athlete should also practice proper body mechanics and modify certain maneuvers to prevent further injury.

Joint Lock Submissions in Jiu-Jitsu

The most common joint lock submissions in Jiu-Jitsu are armbars, wristlocks, and Leglocks. These attacks take advantage of the vulnerability of the opponent’s arm and leg joints and can be done quickly. So, you should learn how to apply them to submit to your opponent!

While there are dozens of submissions, these are the most common high-level grappling and no-gi competitions. Mastering these submissions will increase your chances of long-term success in the sport. Learn the variations of each submission, and you’ll be well on your way to becoming an expert.

Rotator Cuff Joint Lock Damage

When practicing jiu-jitsu, it is essential to avoid joint locks. These holds can cause rotator cuff damage. If you cannot escape from a joint lock, you risk being injured, forcing you to take a break or even end your career.

So, you should tap out at the right time to avoid severe injuries. Otherwise, you need to work on stretching and mobility actively.

The rotator cuff consists of four small muscles around the shoulder’s ball and socket joint. It limits the movement of the joint and results in symptoms such as a frozen shoulder. It can also cause impingement, where the tendons are pinched in the bones of the shoulder.

Meanwhile, bursitis is a condition that occurs when the bursa that covers the rotator cuff becomes inflamed or swollen.

The research on BJJ injuries focuses on prevention and education. Educating athletes about potential injury risks will help them avoid them. In addition, coaches can stress proper technique to help their athletes avoid them and tap out faster.

Joint Lock Damage to the Lateral Collateral Ligament

There are several ways to damage the LCL in Jiu Jitsu. Injuries to the LCL can range from a mild stretch to a complete tear. Grade 1 injuries can prevent a fighter from participating in BJJ for a few weeks, while grade 2 and 3 injuries are severe enough to require physical therapy.

One method of determining if joint lock injuries affect the LCL is to perform an MRI of the knee. An extensive series of BJJ athletes suffering from acute knee injuries were analyzed for this injury pattern. Clinical assessment included physical examinations, Lysholm scores, and International Knee Documentation Committee scores.

This initial diagnosis was based on the patient’s history and physical examinations performed at the events. Two board-certified orthopedic surgeons, J.F.S. and B.H.I., both of whom specialize in sports medicine, confirmed the diagnosis.

Moreover, the doctors also recommended the return to training if the patient had undergone a rehabilitation program.

Final Thoughts

Joint locks are powerful submission techniques in many martial arts, including Brazilian jiu-jitsu. They concentrate on influencing the opponent’s arm and leg joints.

Armlocks, leglocks, spinal locks, and wristlocks are some of the most potent joint locks a grappler can use.

Aside from that, grapplers must be aware that joint locks can result in severe injuries that keep them off the mats for weeks or even months.